Fretheskin Douglas1

M
Fretheskin Douglas||p2148.htm#i65289|William (?) of Dufglas||p2147.htm#i65287||||||||||||||||
  • Fretheskin Douglas is the son of William (?) of Dufglas.1
  • Anecdote*: He was parson of Douglas, and later Dean of Moray.1

Citations:

  1. [S366] William Anderson, Scottish Nation Vol 2.

Hugh Douglas1

M
Hugh Douglas||p2148.htm#i65290|William (?) of Dufglas||p2147.htm#i65287||||||||||||||||

Citations:

  1. [S366] William Anderson, Scottish Nation Vol 2.

Alexander Douglas1

M
Alexander Douglas||p2148.htm#i65291|William (?) of Dufglas||p2147.htm#i65287||||||||||||||||

Citations:

  1. [S366] William Anderson, Scottish Nation Vol 2.

Henry Douglas1

M
Henry Douglas||p2148.htm#i65292|William (?) of Dufglas||p2147.htm#i65287||||||||||||||||

Citations:

  1. [S366] William Anderson, Scottish Nation Vol 2.

Sir Andrew Douglas (of Dufglas)1

M
Sir Andrew Douglas (of Dufglas)||p2148.htm#i65293|Sir Archibald Douglas||p2147.htm#i65286||||William (?) of Dufglas||p2147.htm#i65287||||||||||
  • Sir Andrew Douglas (of Dufglas) is the son of Sir Archibald Douglas.1
  • Anecdote*: He was progenitor of the Douglases of Dalkeith, Earls of Morton.1

Citations:

  1. [S366] William Anderson, Scottish Nation Vol 2.

Sir William Douglas "the Hardy"1

M, d. 1302
Sir William Douglas "the Hardy"|d. 1302|p2148.htm#i65294|Sir William Douglas (of Dufglas)|d. 1276|p2147.htm#i65284||||Sir Archibald Douglas||p2147.htm#i65286||||||||||
  • Sir William Douglas "the Hardy" was the son of Sir William Douglas (of Dufglas).1
  • Anecdote*: He succeded his brother Hugh. He was called "the Hardy" for his vaour and deeds. In Jul 1291 he swore felaty to Edward I in the chapel of Thurston. He later attacked the English, and in 1296 was governor of the castle of Berwick when the town was besieged by Edward and taken. After he capitulated he was allowed to march out with military honours, but was then detailed a prisoner in a tower of the castle called Hog's Tower. The same year he renewed his oath of fidelity to Edward at Edinburgh. In May 1297 he joined Sir William Wallace, for which is estate was invaded by Robert Bruce, Earl of Carrick, and his wife and children carried off. The next July he again made submission to Edward, when he was sent to England and died at York.1
  • Death*: Sir William Douglas "the Hardy" died in 1302 at Castle of York, York, England.1

Citations:

  1. [S366] William Anderson, Scottish Nation Vol 2.

Sir James Douglas1

M
Sir James Douglas||p2148.htm#i65295|Sir William Douglas "the Hardy"|d. 1302|p2148.htm#i65294||||Sir William Douglas (of Dufglas)|d. 1276|p2147.htm#i65284||||||||||

Family:

Citations:

  1. [S366] William Anderson, Scottish Nation Vol 2.
  2. [S311] Peerage, online htp://www.thepeerage.com.

Sir William Douglas , Knight of Liddesdale1

M, d. August 1353
Sir William Douglas , Knight of Liddesdale|d. Aug 1353|p2148.htm#i65296|Sir William Douglas "the Hardy"|d. 1302|p2148.htm#i65294||||Sir William Douglas (of Dufglas)|d. 1276|p2147.htm#i65284||||||||||
  • Sir William Douglas , Knight of Liddesdale was the son of Sir William Douglas "the Hardy".1
  • Anecdote*: He was illegitimate. For his bravery he was called the Knight of Chivalry. After the death of Robert Bruce, William supported Bruce's son King David II, and was present at the attack on Annan in Dec 1132 when Edward Baliol was put to flight. He was appointed warden of the west marches, but was overpowered and taken prisoner by Sir Anthony de Lucy in Mar 1333 near Lochmaben, and was not freed until Apr 1335. On returning home he performed gallat feats, expelling the English from the whole of Teviotdale except the castle of Roxburgh. He later defeated, at Kilblane, the Earl of Athol. Not long after he was sent as ambassador to France to inform David II, then residing at the French court, of the state of his kingdom. He sullied his fame by the cruel murder of Alexander Ramsay of Dalhousie in 1342. At the intercession of Robert Stewart, Douglas was pardoned by the king and invested as sheriff of Teviotdale and keeper of Roxburgh Castle. He was with King David at the battle of Durham 20 Oct 1346, and was taken prisoner with him. After six years imprisoned, he was freed on dishonourable terms as by an indenture entered into with Edward III on 17 Jul 1352. He agreed to serve the monarch against all parties and allow free passage to the Englsih through his lands into Scotland. He wsa killed by his cousin and godson, Sir William Douglas, 1st Earl of Douglas, while hunting in Ettrick Forest, and in revenge for the death of Ramsay.1
  • Death*: Sir William Douglas , Knight of Liddesdale died in August 1353 at Ettrick Forest; murdered while hunting.1

Citations:

  1. [S366] William Anderson, Scottish Nation Vol 2.

Hugh Douglas1

M
Hugh Douglas||p2148.htm#i65298|Sir William Douglas "the Hardy"|d. 1302|p2148.htm#i65294||||Sir William Douglas (of Dufglas)|d. 1276|p2147.htm#i65284||||||||||
  • Hugh Douglas is the son of Sir William Douglas "the Hardy".1
  • Anecdote*: He succeeded his brother James, but seems to have had some mental or physical challenges, as his name never appears in history.1

Citations:

  1. [S366] William Anderson, Scottish Nation Vol 2.

William de Douglas , 1st Earl of Douglas1

M, d. May 1384
William de Douglas , 1st Earl of Douglas|d. May 1384|p2148.htm#i65299|Sir Archibald Douglas|b. c 1298\nd. 22 Jul 1333|p1850.htm#i56296|Beatrice Lindsay|b. b 1301|p1851.htm#i56297|Sir William Douglas "the Hardy"|d. 1302|p2148.htm#i65294||||||||||
  • William de Douglas , 1st Earl of Douglas was the son of Sir Archibald Douglas and Beatrice Lindsay.1
  • Anecdote*: He was created Earl by David II in 1357. Before this period the chiefs of family were styled lords of Douglas. He was taken prisoner with David II at Durham, but soon ransomed. He recovered Douglasdale from the English and expelled them from Ettrick Forest and Tweeddale and part of Teviotdale. On the accession of Robert II he was a claimant for the crown. He later went to France and was wounded at Poitiers on 19 Sep 1356. He commanded the Scots troops that defeated Musgrave, the Governor of Berwick, near Melrose in 1378. In 1380 he entered England with an army, burned Penrith, and returned him laden with spoil.1
  • Name Variation: William de Douglas , 1st Earl of Douglas was also known as William Douglas , 1st Earl of Douglas.2
  • Did Not Marry: He and Margaret Stewart , Countess of Angus were in a non-marital relationship she was his wife's sister-in-law.3,1
  • Marriage*: William de Douglas , 1st Earl of Douglas married Lady Margaret Mar, daughter of Donald (?) of Mar, 8th Earl of Mar and Isabella Stewart, in 1357 ; 1st m. for William.1,3
  • Death*: William de Douglas , 1st Earl of Douglas died in May 1384 at Douglas, Scotlant.1,3
  • Burial*: He was buried in May 1384 at Melrose, Roxburghshire, Scotland.3

Family 1: Lady Margaret Mar

Family 2: Margaret Stewart , Countess of Angus d. 1417

Citations:

  1. [S366] William Anderson, Scottish Nation Vol 2.
  2. [S6] WIKIPEDIA, online http://en.wikipedia.org
  3. [S311] Peerage, online htp://www.thepeerage.com.

Lady Margaret Mar1

F
Lady Margaret Mar||p2148.htm#i65301|Donald (?) of Mar, 8th Earl of Mar|b. b 1306\nd. 1332|p1847.htm#i56174|Isabella Stewart|b. 1300\nd. 1347|p1847.htm#i56175|||||||||||||

Citations:

  1. [S366] William Anderson, Scottish Nation Vol 2.
  2. [S6] WIKIPEDIA, online http://en.wikipedia.org
  3. [S311] Peerage, online htp://www.thepeerage.com.

James Douglas , 2nd Earl of Douglas and Mar1

M, b. circa 1358, d. 31 July 1388
James Douglas , 2nd Earl of Douglas and Mar|b. c 1358\nd. 31 Jul 1388|p2148.htm#i65302|William de Douglas , 1st Earl of Douglas|d. May 1384|p2148.htm#i65299|Lady Margaret Mar||p2148.htm#i65301|Sir Archibald Douglas|b. c 1298\nd. 22 Jul 1333|p1850.htm#i56296|Beatrice Lindsay|b. b 1301|p1851.htm#i56297|Donald (?) of Mar, 8th Earl of Mar|b. b 1306\nd. 1332|p1847.htm#i56174|Isabella Stewart|b. 1300\nd. 1347|p1847.htm#i56175|
  • Anecdote*: He was illegitimate. He succeeded to the title in 1384. His last words were, "I die, like my forefathers, in a field of battle, and not on a bed of sickness. Conceal my death, defend my standard, and avenge my fall. It is an old prophecy, that a dead Douglas shall gain a field, and I hope it will be accomplished this night". Pinkerton's History of Scotland provides an account of the battle, as do various poems and songs.1
  • Birth*: James Douglas , 2nd Earl of Douglas and Mar was born circa 1358.2
  • He was the son of William de Douglas , 1st Earl of Douglas and Lady Margaret Mar.1
  • Death*: James Douglas , 2nd Earl of Douglas and Mar died on 31 July 1388 at Otterburn, Scotland; killed in battle, d.s.p.m.1,2

Family:

Citations:

  1. [S366] William Anderson, Scottish Nation Vol 2.
  2. [S311] Peerage, online htp://www.thepeerage.com.

William de Douglas1

M
William de Douglas||p2148.htm#i65305|James Douglas , 2nd Earl of Douglas and Mar|b. c 1358\nd. 31 Jul 1388|p2148.htm#i65302||||William de Douglas , 1st Earl of Douglas|d. May 1384|p2148.htm#i65299|Lady Margaret Mar||p2148.htm#i65301|||||||

Citations:

  1. [S366] William Anderson, Scottish Nation Vol 2.

Egidis (?)1

F
Egidis (?)||p2148.htm#i65306|Robert (?) II, Earl of Athol, Earl of Strathern, King of Scots|b. 2 Mar 1315\nd. 19 Apr 1390|p239.htm#i7251||||Walter Stewart , 6th High Steward of Scotland|b. 1292\nd. 9 Apr 1327|p82.htm#i2515|Marjorie Bruce|b. b 1297\nd. 2 Mar 1316|p82.htm#i2516|||||||

Citations:

  1. [S366] William Anderson, Scottish Nation Vol 2.

Admiral Sir William Douglas , Lord of Nithsdale, Prince of Danesvick, Duke of Spruce1

M, d. 1390
Admiral Sir William Douglas , Lord of Nithsdale, Prince of Danesvick, Duke of Spruce|d. 1390|p2148.htm#i65307|Archibald Douglas , 3rd Earl of Douglas|b. c 1325\nd. c 24 Dec 1400|p1589.htm#i48381||||Sir James Douglas||p2148.htm#i65295||||||||||
  • Admiral Sir William Douglas , Lord of Nithsdale, Prince of Danesvick, Duke of Spruce was the son of Archibald Douglas , 3rd Earl of Douglas.1
  • Anecdote*: He was a renowned warrior, usually kinown as "The Black Douglas", whose name was a terror to the English. In 1389, with a train of Scottis knights, he went to Germany, and under Waldenrodt, Grandmaster of the Teutonic Order, defended Dantzic, or Danesvick, against the pagans of Prussia who besieged it under Udislaus Ingello. He and his knights cut the besiegers to pieces and cleared the district, for which he was created Prince of Danesvick, Duke of Spruce, and admiral of the fleet. From that time all Scotsmen were declared freemen of Dantzic, and in token, the arms of the nation with those of Douglas were placed over the great gate, where they remained until it was rebuilt in 1711. Part of the suburbs is still called Little Scotland, and near it was the bridge where Douglas was murdered by the contrivance of the English Lord Clofford and a band of assassins.1
  • Marriage*: Admiral Sir William Douglas , Lord of Nithsdale, Prince of Danesvick, Duke of Spruce married Egidis (?), daughter of Robert (?) II, Earl of Athol, Earl of Strathern, King of Scots.1
  • Death*: Admiral Sir William Douglas , Lord of Nithsdale, Prince of Danesvick, Duke of Spruce died in 1390 at Danzig, Germany; murdered.1

Family: Egidis (?)

Citations:

  1. [S366] William Anderson, Scottish Nation Vol 2.

Archibald Douglas , 5th Earl of Douglas, 2nd Duke of Touraine1,2

M, b. 1390, d. 26 June 1439
Archibald Douglas , 5th Earl of Douglas, 2nd Duke of Touraine|b. 1390\nd. 26 Jun 1439|p2148.htm#i65308|Archibald Douglas , 4th Earl of Douglas, Duke of Touraine|b. 1370\nd. 1424|p1848.htm#i56204|Princess Margaret Stewart of Scotland|b. 1367\nd. 1450|p1848.htm#i56205|Archibald Douglas , 3rd Earl of Douglas|b. c 1325\nd. c 24 Dec 1400|p1589.htm#i48381|Joan Moray|b. bt 1339 - 1354\nd. bt Jan 1403 - Aug 1409|p1589.htm#i48382|Robert J. (?) III, Earl of Carrick, King of Scots|b. c 1337\nd. 4 Apr 1406|p239.htm#i7257|Lady Annabella Drummond , Queen of Scotland|b. c 1350\nd. 1401|p239.htm#i7258|
  • Anecdote*: His other titles included Earl of Wigton, Lord of Galloway, Lord of Bothwell, Selkirk and Ettrick Forest, Eskdale, Lauderdale, Liddesdale and Annandale, Count of Longueville, and Seigneur de Dun-le-Roi. He was an only son. He accompanied the Earl of Buchan into France in 1420, at which time he was titled Earl of Wigton. He distinguished himself at the Battle of Beauge in 1421, and was given the county of Longueville by Charles VII of France. He was an ambassador to England who adjusted the ransom of James I and returned to Scotland with his sovereign. He was arrested with the Duke of Albany in Mar 1425 but soon freed, and sat as one of the jury in the trial of that same Duke. In May 1431 he was again imprisoned, but at the request of the Queen and nobility, was released in Sep 1431. In 1437, on the death of James I, he was elected one of the council of regency, and in 1438 was Lieutenant-General of the kingdom, in which capacity he summoned a parliament.1
  • Birth*: Archibald Douglas , 5th Earl of Douglas, 2nd Duke of Touraine was born in 1390 at Scotland.2
  • He was the son of Archibald Douglas , 4th Earl of Douglas, Duke of Touraine and Princess Margaret Stewart of Scotland.1,3
  • Marriage*: Archibald Douglas , 5th Earl of Douglas, 2nd Duke of Touraine married Eupheme Graham, daughter of Patrick Graham , Earl of Strathearn and Euphemia Stewart , Countess Palatine of Stewart, Countess of Caithness, between 1423 and 1425 ; 1st m. for Eupheme, she his widow.2,3
  • Burial*: Archibald Douglas , 5th Earl of Douglas, 2nd Duke of Touraine was buried in 1439 at St Bride's Kirk, Douglas, South Lanarkshire, Scotland.2
  • Death*: He died on 26 June 1439 at Restalrig, Midlothian, Scotland.1,2

Family 1: Eupheme Graham b. b 1413, d. 1468

Family 2:

Citations:

  1. [S366] William Anderson, Scottish Nation Vol 2.
  2. [S6] WIKIPEDIA, online http://en.wikipedia.org
  3. [S359] Charles Henry Browning, Colonial Dames, Pedigree LXVI.

William Douglas , 6th Earl of Douglas, 3rd Duke of Touraine1

M, b. circa 1425, d. 24 November 1440
William Douglas , 6th Earl of Douglas, 3rd Duke of Touraine|b. c 1425\nd. 24 Nov 1440|p2148.htm#i65309|Archibald Douglas , 5th Earl of Douglas, 2nd Duke of Touraine|b. 1390\nd. 26 Jun 1439|p2148.htm#i65308||||Archibald Douglas , 4th Earl of Douglas, Duke of Touraine|b. 1370\nd. 1424|p1848.htm#i56204|Princess Margaret Stewart of Scotland|b. 1367\nd. 1450|p1848.htm#i56205|||||||
  • Anecdote*: He was little more than 14 when he succeeded his father. He had immense estates in Scotland, and foreign wealth and influence as Duke of Touraine, both of which made him the most powerful Baron in the kingdom. He acted more like an independent prince, and Chancellor Crichton resolved to cut him off, with his brother. A parliament was assembed at Edinburgh after the second reconciliation of Livingston and Crichton, and the young earl was induced to come to the city to be present at it. Afterwards, with his only brother, David, and with Malcolm Fleming of Cumbernauld (his counsellor and friend), he attended a huge fest given by the sovereign in the castle of Edinburgh. The entertainment was prolonged and splendid, and every delicacy was on the table. Then suddenly a band of armed men, at a given signal, rushed on them from an inner room, bound their hands, and after a hurried trial for treason, they were led forth for instant execution. Fleming shared the Douglas brother's fate.1
  • Birth*: William Douglas , 6th Earl of Douglas, 3rd Duke of Touraine was born circa 1425.1
  • He was the son of Archibald Douglas , 5th Earl of Douglas, 2nd Duke of Touraine.1
  • Death*: William Douglas , 6th Earl of Douglas, 3rd Duke of Touraine died on 24 November 1440; executed for treason.1

Citations:

  1. [S366] William Anderson, Scottish Nation Vol 2.

David Douglas1

M, d. 24 November 1440
David Douglas|d. 24 Nov 1440|p2148.htm#i65310|Archibald Douglas , 5th Earl of Douglas, 2nd Duke of Touraine|b. 1390\nd. 26 Jun 1439|p2148.htm#i65308||||Archibald Douglas , 4th Earl of Douglas, Duke of Touraine|b. 1370\nd. 1424|p1848.htm#i56204|Princess Margaret Stewart of Scotland|b. 1367\nd. 1450|p1848.htm#i56205|||||||

Citations:

  1. [S366] William Anderson, Scottish Nation Vol 2.

James Douglas , 7th Earl of Douglas, Earl of Avondale1

M, d. 24 March 1443
James Douglas , 7th Earl of Douglas, Earl of Avondale|d. 24 Mar 1443|p2148.htm#i65311|Archibald Douglas , 3rd Earl of Douglas|b. c 1325\nd. c 24 Dec 1400|p1589.htm#i48381||||Sir James Douglas||p2148.htm#i65295||||||||||
  • James Douglas , 7th Earl of Douglas, Earl of Avondale was the son of Archibald Douglas , 3rd Earl of Douglas.1
  • Anecdote*: He was prudent and peaceful. He was warden of the marches, and sat as one of the jury on the trial of Murdoch, Duke of Albany, in 1425. In 1437 he was created Earl of Avondale.1
  • Nickname: James Douglas , 7th Earl of Douglas, Earl of Avondale also went by the name of James Douglas "the Gross".1
  • Num Child*: He and Beatrix Stewart had no children.1
  • Marriage*: James Douglas , 7th Earl of Douglas, Earl of Avondale married Beatrix Stewart, daughter of Robert Stewart , 1st Duke of Albany, Earl of Menteith, 17th Earl of Fife, ; 1st m. for James.1
  • Marriage*: James Douglas , 7th Earl of Douglas, Earl of Avondale married Lady Beatrix Sinclair, daughter of Henry Sinclair , 1st Earl of Orkney, ; 2nd m. for James.1
  • Death*: James Douglas , 7th Earl of Douglas, Earl of Avondale died on 24 March 1443.1

Family 1: Lady Beatrix Sinclair

Family 2: Beatrix Stewart

Citations:

  1. [S366] William Anderson, Scottish Nation Vol 2.
  2. [S311] Peerage, online htp://www.thepeerage.com.

Beatrix Stewart1

F
Beatrix Stewart||p2148.htm#i65312|Robert Stewart , 1st Duke of Albany, Earl of Menteith, 17th Earl of Fife|b. 1340\nd. 1420|p1846.htm#i56170||||Robert (?) II, Earl of Athol, Earl of Strathern, King of Scots|b. 2 Mar 1315\nd. 19 Apr 1390|p239.htm#i7251|Elizabeth Mure (of Rowallan)||p239.htm#i7252|||||||

Citations:

  1. [S366] William Anderson, Scottish Nation Vol 2.

Lady Beatrix Sinclair1

F
Lady Beatrix Sinclair||p2148.htm#i65313|Henry Sinclair , 1st Earl of Orkney|d. 1404|p2148.htm#i65314||||||||||||||||

Citations:

  1. [S366] William Anderson, Scottish Nation Vol 2.
  2. [S311] Peerage, online htp://www.thepeerage.com.

Henry Sinclair , 1st Earl of Orkney1

M, d. 1404
  • Address*: Henry Sinclair , 1st Earl of Orkney lived at an unknown place ; He was created Earl on 2 Aug 1379 in Marstrand, Norway.2
  • Marriage*: He married Jane Halyburton.2
  • Death*: Henry Sinclair , 1st Earl of Orkney died in 1404; killed in an attack on Orkney, possibly by an English seaman.2

Family 1:

Family 2: Jane Halyburton

Citations:

  1. [S366] William Anderson, Scottish Nation Vol 2.
  2. [S311] Peerage, online htp://www.thepeerage.com.

William Douglas , 8th Earl of Douglas1

M, d. 13 February 1452
William Douglas , 8th Earl of Douglas|d. 13 Feb 1452|p2148.htm#i65315|James Douglas , 7th Earl of Douglas, Earl of Avondale|d. 24 Mar 1443|p2148.htm#i65311|Lady Beatrix Sinclair||p2148.htm#i65313|Archibald Douglas , 3rd Earl of Douglas|b. c 1325\nd. c 24 Dec 1400|p1589.htm#i48381||||Henry Sinclair , 1st Earl of Orkney|d. 1404|p2148.htm#i65314||||
  • William Douglas , 8th Earl of Douglas was the son of James Douglas , 7th Earl of Douglas, Earl of Avondale and Lady Beatrix Sinclair.1
  • Anecdote*: His marriage to Margaret brought him her vast possessions and restored the house of Douglas to its former power, wealth, and grandeur. By respectful submission, he gained the affections of young James II, who was weary of the control of Crichton and Livingston. At a parliament held at Stirling in 1445, the chancellor and his colleague were, by William's scheming, formally declared rebels, and their estates forfeited. About 1446 he was created lieutenant-general of the kingdom, and became all-powerful in Scotland. In 1448 he won over the English at the Battle of Sark, and ravaged England as far as Newcastle. The king soon discovered that he had advanced William too high, and after James married in 1449, William's influence gradually declined. He was disgusted at his loss of power and wanted to display his pomp in foreign countries, so he went in 1450 to the Jubilee of Rome with a retinue of sic knights, 14 gentlemen, and 80 attendants. In his absence his vassals were so turbulent that the castle of Douglas was demolished by the king's orders. When William returned to Scotland, he sent a submissive message to the king and seemed at first to resume his power over James. But the enmity between him and Crichton, who had been restored as chancellor, still existed. William tried to assassinate Crichton, and hanged John Herries in comtempt of the king's authority. He then entered a treasonous pact with the earls of Crawford and Ross and other nobles, for mutual defence and protection, and beheaded McLellan of Bombie for refusing to join them. James became incensed and prevailed on William to visit his court on 18 Feb 1452 at the castle of Stirling, under safe conduct of the great seal. After supper James took him aside and informed him that he knew of his pact with Crawford and Ross and asked him to dissolve it. William refused, and James swore, "If you will not break this league, I shall", drew his dagger, and plunged it into William's chest. Sir Pttrick Gray then struck William with a battle-axe, and others rushed in to finish him off with a multitude of daggers.1
  • Marriage*: William Douglas , 8th Earl of Douglas married Lady Margaret Douglas , the "Fair Maid of Galloway", daughter of Archibald Douglas , 5th Earl of Douglas, 2nd Duke of Touraine and Eupheme Graham, ; 1st m. for Margaret, they were 1st cousins once removed.2,1
  • Death*: William Douglas , 8th Earl of Douglas died on 13 February 1452 at Stirling Castle, Stirling, Scotland; murdered/executed.1

Citations:

  1. [S366] William Anderson, Scottish Nation Vol 2.
  2. [S6] WIKIPEDIA, online http://en.wikipedia.org

James Douglas , 9th Earl of Douglas1

M, d. 15 April 1488
James Douglas , 9th Earl of Douglas|d. 15 Apr 1488|p2148.htm#i65316|James Douglas , 7th Earl of Douglas, Earl of Avondale|d. 24 Mar 1443|p2148.htm#i65311|Lady Beatrix Sinclair||p2148.htm#i65313|Archibald Douglas , 3rd Earl of Douglas|b. c 1325\nd. c 24 Dec 1400|p1589.htm#i48381||||Henry Sinclair , 1st Earl of Orkney|d. 1404|p2148.htm#i65314||||
  • James Douglas , 9th Earl of Douglas was the son of James Douglas , 7th Earl of Douglas, Earl of Avondale and Lady Beatrix Sinclair.1
  • Anecdote*: Immeditely on the death of his brother William, he took up arms with the allies of his house to avenge the death. In 1454 King James levied an army, ravaged the lands of the rebel earl, and laid siege to his castle of Abercorn, but Douglas collected a large force, mose of them borderers, and camped on the south side of the Carron on his march to Abercorn. His army was far superior to the king's in number and in valour, and a battle might have decided whether the house of Stewart or Douglas was to possess the throne of Scotland. But while Douglas' troops waited to engage, he ordered them to retire to their camp. James Hamilton, Lord Hamilton of Cadzow, who was with him, was impatient and urged an immediate attack, but Douglas replied, "If you are tired, you may depart when you please", and Hamilton immediately changed sides. Other chiefs followed him, and the next morning Douglas had not 40,000 men, but an empty camp. He fled into Annandale and lurked till the spring of 1455. On 1 May 1455 hs three brothers, the earls of Moray and Ormond, and Lord Balveney, were defeated at Arkinholme by the king's forces. Moray was slain, Ormond was taken prisoner and executed for treason, and Douglas was forfeited and forced, with Balveny, to take refuge in England. Assisted by Percy, Earl of Northumberland, he made an attempt on the east borders, but was defeated in the Merse by the Earl of Angus. For nearly 30 years he remained in exile in England. In his old age he longed to see Scotland, and vowed that on St. Magdalene's Day of 1484 he would deposit his offering on the hgh altar at Lochmaben. With 500 horse and some infantry, he and the banished Duke of Albay entered Scotland on 22 Jul and advanced to Lochmaben. Neighbouring chieftains assembled to oppose his progress, and he was defeated at Barnswork in Dumfries-shire. He was taken prisoner by a son of Kirkpatrick of Closeburn, one of his own vassals. A grant of land had been offered for his person, and Douglas said to his captor, "Carry me to the king, thou are well entitled to profit by my misfortune; for thou was true to me whilst I was true to myself!". His captor wept and offered to escape with him to England, but Douglas refused, requesting only that Kirkpatrick not deliver him until he had secured his own reward. When he was doveyed to the king, Douglas turned his back on James II, who chose to confine him to monastic seclusion in the abbey of Lindores in Fife. Douglas' response was to say, "He who may no better be, must be a monk". He lived inthe abbey four years before dying there.
    After the 1455 foreiture of the earls of Douglas, their estates reverted to the Crown, but were shortly after bestowed on the 4th Earl of Angus, head of a junior branch of the old family, descended from George Douglas, the only son of William, 1st Earl of Douglas by his third wife, Margared, Countess of Angus. The Angus branch assisted in the destruction of the parent house, and it became a saying that "the red Douglas had put down the black" (the house of Liddesdale being considered black and that of Angus as red).1
  • Marriage*: James Douglas , 9th Earl of Douglas married Lady Margaret Douglas , the "Fair Maid of Galloway", daughter of Archibald Douglas , 5th Earl of Douglas, 2nd Duke of Touraine and Eupheme Graham, ; 2nd m. for Margaret.2
  • Death*: James Douglas , 9th Earl of Douglas died on 15 April 1488 at Lindores Abbey, Lindores, Fife, Scotland.1

Citations:

  1. [S366] William Anderson, Scottish Nation Vol 2.
  2. [S6] WIKIPEDIA, online http://en.wikipedia.org

Eupheme Graham1

F, b. before 1413, d. 1468
Eupheme Graham|b. b 1413\nd. 1468|p2148.htm#i65317|Patrick Graham , Earl of Strathearn|d. 10 Aug 1413|p2148.htm#i65318|Euphemia Stewart , Countess Palatine of Stewart, Countess of Caithness|d. c 1434|p2148.htm#i65319|||||||Prince David (?) , Earl Palatine of Strathearn, 1st Earl of Caithness||p2133.htm#i64859|Lady Euphemia (?)||p2321.htm#i70546|

Citations:

  1. [S6] WIKIPEDIA, online http://en.wikipedia.org
  2. [S359] Charles Henry Browning, Colonial Dames, Pedigree LXVI.

Patrick Graham , Earl of Strathearn1

M, d. 10 August 1413

Citations:

  1. [S6] WIKIPEDIA, online http://en.wikipedia.org
  2. [S359] Charles Henry Browning, Colonial Dames, Pedigree LXVI.

Euphemia Stewart , Countess Palatine of Stewart, Countess of Caithness1

F, d. circa 1434
Euphemia Stewart , Countess Palatine of Stewart, Countess of Caithness|d. c 1434|p2148.htm#i65319|Prince David (?) , Earl Palatine of Strathearn, 1st Earl of Caithness||p2133.htm#i64859|Lady Euphemia (?)||p2321.htm#i70546|Robert (?) II, Earl of Athol, Earl of Strathern, King of Scots|b. 2 Mar 1315\nd. 19 Apr 1390|p239.htm#i7251|Euphemia (?) of Ross, Countess of Moray|d. 1387|p239.htm#i7254|||||||
  • Euphemia Stewart , Countess Palatine of Stewart, Countess of Caithness was the daughter of Prince David (?) , Earl Palatine of Strathearn, 1st Earl of Caithness and Lady Euphemia (?).2
  • Marriage*: Euphemia Stewart , Countess Palatine of Stewart, Countess of Caithness married Patrick Graham , Earl of Strathearn ; 1st m. for Euphemia, she his widow.1
  • Name Variation: Euphemia Stewart , Countess Palatine of Stewart, Countess of Caithness was also known as Euphemia , Countess of Caithness.3
  • Anecdote*: She succeeded to both her her father's titles. She resigned the title Earl of Caithness to her uncle, Walter Stewart, Earl of Atholl,Lord Brechin, before 1402. After her first husband's death she had dispensations (4 May 1414 and 5 Sep 1415 respectively) to marry Robert Stewart of Fife or his brother Walter, but married Sir Patrick Dunbar instead.1,3
  • Married Name: Her married name was Dunbar.1
  • Married Name: Her married name was Graham.1
  • Name Variation: Euphemia Stewart , Countess Palatine of Stewart, Countess of Caithness was also known as Lady Euphemia Stewart , Countess of Strathern.2
  • Marriage*: She married Sir Patrick Dunbar (of Bele) ; 2nd m. for Euphemia.1
  • Death*: Euphemia Stewart , Countess Palatine of Stewart, Countess of Caithness died circa 1434.1

Family 1: Sir Patrick Dunbar (of Bele)

Family 2: Patrick Graham , Earl of Strathearn d. 10 Aug 1413

Citations:

  1. [S6] WIKIPEDIA, online http://en.wikipedia.org
  2. [S359] Charles Henry Browning, Colonial Dames, Pedigree LXVI.
  3. [S366] William Anderson, Scottish Nation Vol 2.

Sir Patrick Dunbar (of Bele)1

M

Citations:

  1. [S6] WIKIPEDIA, online http://en.wikipedia.org

Elizabeth Graham1

F
Elizabeth Graham||p2148.htm#i65321|Patrick Graham , Earl of Strathearn|d. 10 Aug 1413|p2148.htm#i65318|Euphemia Stewart , Countess Palatine of Stewart, Countess of Caithness|d. c 1434|p2148.htm#i65319|||||||Prince David (?) , Earl Palatine of Strathearn, 1st Earl of Caithness||p2133.htm#i64859|Lady Euphemia (?)||p2321.htm#i70546|

Citations:

  1. [S6] WIKIPEDIA, online http://en.wikipedia.org

Malise Graham , Earl of Menteith1

M
Malise Graham , Earl of Menteith||p2148.htm#i65322|Patrick Graham , Earl of Strathearn|d. 10 Aug 1413|p2148.htm#i65318|Euphemia Stewart , Countess Palatine of Stewart, Countess of Caithness|d. c 1434|p2148.htm#i65319|||||||Prince David (?) , Earl Palatine of Strathearn, 1st Earl of Caithness||p2133.htm#i64859|Lady Euphemia (?)||p2321.htm#i70546|

Citations:

  1. [S6] WIKIPEDIA, online http://en.wikipedia.org